Since the emergence of the very first movies of the horror genre until these days, the way to provoke horror on the viewer certainly has changed a lot. The main reason for this has been the technology and special effects. At the beginning image wasn’t the only resource used to scare the audience, in fact due to the lack of resources what was intended by directors of horror movies was to scare people through the generation of situations. These days something else is looked for by directors of horror movies, monsters that look every time more and more real, tense moments more studied…
Horror has always been a genre very well accepted by the public even though its goal which is to thrill the viewer, horror movies can take to the viewer to situations of anxiety, fear and terror. The human nature of suffering or just the adrenaline may have some incidence over the acceptance of horror movies by the public?
Comprised inside this genre of horror movies we can find classics of horror which have been versioned many times already like the case of Dracula and Frankenstein. There are also terrifying sagas like Nightmare on Elm Street, Poltergeist and Friday 13.
The horror film is based on sources from literature and traditional superstitions and legends, as well as fears and nightmares born of socio cultural contexts more current and accurate. On the one hand, the novel of terror, born in the second half of the eighteenth century, and secondly, the oral tradition the story of fear, widely developed in the rural societies of all cultures. Hence, ultimately, there will be basic elements and characters used in the films of this genre: vampires, werewolves, monsters, ghosts, witches, zombies, and the unfortunate human replicas, a la Frankenstein.
Other hallmarks of the genre are a very unique use of lighting, which often tends to draw inspiration from German romantic painting of the nineteenth century, which is characterized by the frequent use of the chiaroscuro, the contrast of colors and shades dim , very significant effects in the expressionist cinema of the early years (Murnau, Fritz Lang). The most visited areas or scenarios will be the night, in cemeteries, abandoned house, the castle ruins, the laboratory gloomy forest or dark wasteland, the decadent garden, they have finished forming a catalog of "places" in common. Also, you should never miss a dense and evocative sound track (The Shining, Psycho, Jaws ...), along with some creepy sound effects (The Exorcist, Alien, Bram Stoker effects on ...), Coppola Recently scratch rather what deafening (I Am Legend, 2007).
This type of film attracts the public because of the novel and intense emotional stimuli it receives. The physiological effects experienced by the horrified viewer in his armchair include surges in adrenaline, dilated pupils, rapid heartbeat and breathing, and cold sweat, all of which usually ends with a final relief, in which, according the shot that has had history, reign supreme comfort or despair.
The engine is sensational in these films, in many cases, the display of cruelty, human, bestial or supernatural, as a representation of evil in any of its many variants, and this explains the large commercial competition in this industry has generated a grisly contents indiscriminate escalation in the genre over recent years.
Aside from Evil and very attached to him, the hidden or mysterious, of course, also defines horror as a genre, and it does both the archetypal and developmental stage set. It serves both hidden suggested to refer to the theme of horror films (the unconscious criminal occult, hidden from the monsters always hidden in the bowels of society, hidden from our tendencies and desires as shameful ...), its characterization and staging, sometimes tending, as in suspense, to spare the troubled character information, information already known to the public, who, helpless in his chair, waiting distressed events. Other times it comes to concealment and suggestions through the misleading exacerbation of the decor, the manipulation of photography, makeup, etc.. Or by the pure and simple denial of the elements involved, as in the technique the out of field (the terrifying scene takes place outside the camera lens, which focuses on its outskirts, the viewer only "listening" or imagine) the filing of the character from the camera and the terrifying element, and so on.
Movies of horror and terror
Some people have established a classification for scary movies. It is said that a scary movie cataloged as a horror movie must have supernatural, unknown and unexplainable elements for the human being. We can find a variety of movies enclosed on this classification such as:
- Psyche: Everything related with the mind (dreams, premonitions, hypnosis and visions among others). Movies inside this classification: Nightmare on Elm Street, Witness and Stir of Echoes.
- Ghosts and spirits: Everything related to apparitions that have place outside the mind of the character. Films like Sixth Sense, The Devil's Backbone, The Shining and The Legend of the Headless Horseman are classified inside this group.
- Possessions: In this category are enclosed movies with elements related to dark forces become occupants of the body of any human being. This category includes movies like The Exorcist and Stigmata and the Devil’s Advocate.
- Vampires: These creatures disserve a special mention since they are not ghosts or creatures of this planet, they are not alive or death, but their characteristics are very well known: their taste for blood, their dislike for garlic and crucifixes, and their fear of light. Dracula and Interview with the Vampire are included on this group.
A terror movie must have a rational explanation; it has to be a “scientifically verifiable” phenomenon, movies like Terminator, Godzilla, Hannibal, Scream, and Alien.